Lista de vocabulario en inglés británico y americano

Solo hace falta recorrer unos pocos kilómetros para escuchar palabras nuevas en nuestro propio idioma. Y si en vez de unos pocos kilómetros tomamos un vuelo para cruzar un océano nos encontramos con muchas variedades de la misma lengua, como los hablantes de español bien saben. En esto influyen los movimientos migratorios, la cultura local, el clima, entre otros muchos factores.

Y como en otro post ya os habíamos dado algún ejemplo de las diferencias de vocabulario entre los distintos países hispanohablantes, hoy os traemos una lista de ejemplos de la lengua inglesa y cómo cambia de Estados Unidos a Reino Unido.

Algunas de estas palabras están extendidas por todo el país y otras son algo más regionales pero todas ellas son ejemplos de las palabras que usan los hablantes de ambos países cuando quieren que personas de todo el territorio nacional los entiendan.

inglés británicoinglés estadounidense
alsatiangerman shepherd
american footballfootball
anorakparka
articulated lorrytrailer truck / semi trailer
aubergineeggplant
autumnfall
B 
bank holidaylegal
bank notebill
baphamburguer bun
bat (ping pong)paddle
bathbathtub
bath (v.)bathe
bathroombathroom/restroom/washroom
big dipperroller coaster
billcheck (restaurant)
bill = million millionbillion = thousand million
biscuitcookie
black or white?(coffee)with or without?
blackleg/scabscab
black treaclemolasses
blind (window)shade
block of flatsapartment house
block of flatsapartment building
blue jeansdungarees/jeans
bomb (success)bomb (disaster)
bonnet (car)hood
book (v.)make reservation
boot (car)trunk
bootlace/shoelaceshoestring
bowler/hard hatderby
bracessuspenders
break (school)recess
briefs/underpantsshorts/jockey shorts
broad beanlima bean
bureau de changecurrency exchange
butter muslin/cheese clothcheese cloth
C 
candyflosscotton candy
caravantrailer
caretaker/porterjanitor
car parkparking lot
catapultslingshot
cattle gridTexas gate
centre (city/business)downtown
central reservationmedian strip/divider
chairman (business)president
chemistdruggist
chemist’s shoppharmacy/drugstore
chest of drawersdresser/bureau
chipsFrench fries
cinemamovie house/theater
class/form (school)grade
cloakroomcheck room
cloakroom attendanthat check girl
clothes pegclothes pin
conscriptiondraft
contraceptive/condomrubber
convoycaravan
cookerstove
corn flourcorn starch
corporation/local authoritycity/municipal government
cot/cribcrib
cottonthread
cotton reelspool
cotton woolcotton batting
courgettezucchini
court shoepump
cream crackersoda cracker
crispschips/potato chips
cul-de-sacdead end
cupboardcloset
curtainsdrapes
D 
desiccated (coconut)shredded
director (company)manager
directory enquiriesinformation assistance
directory enquiriesdirectory assistance
districtprecinct
diversiondetour
drain (indoors)sewer pipe
draperdrygoods store
draught excluderweather stripping
draughtscheckers
drawing pinthumb tack
dressing-gownbathrobe
dual carriagewaydivided highway
dummypacifier
dungareesoveralls
dustbin/bingarbage can/trash can
dynamogenerator
E 
eiderdowncomforter
state agentrealtor
estate carstation wagon
F 
fair (fun)carnival
filling station / petrol stationgas station
filmmovie
first floorsecond floor
fish slicespatula/egg lifter
fitted carpetwall to wall carpet
fizzy drinksoda
flannelwash cloth
flatapartment
flexelectric cord/wire
fly-overoverpass
football/soccersoccer
fortnighttwo weeks
foyerlobby/foyer
full stop (punctuation)period
funny bonecrazy bone
G 
gallery (theatre)balcony
gangwayaisle
gaoljail
gardenyard
gear levergear shift
giddydizzy
give a bell(to phone)give a buzz
goods truck (railway)freight truck
goose pimplesgoose bumps
gramophone/record playerphonograph/record player
greenfingersgreen thumb
grill (v.)broil
guard (railway)conductor
gym shoes/plimsollssneakers/tennis shoes
tennis shoes/trainerssneakers/tennis shoes
H 
hair grip/kirby gripbobbie pin
handbagpurse/pocket book
hardwarehousewares
headmaster/mistressprincipal
hire purchaseinstallment plan
holidayvacation
homely (=pleasant)homely (=ugly)
hoover (n.)vacuum cleaner
hoover (v.)vacuum
housing estatesub-division
I 
ice/sorbetsherbet
iced lollypopsicle
icing sugarpowdered sugar
icing sugarconfectioner’s sugar
identification paradeline-up
immersion heater(electric)water heater
intervalintermission
ironmongerhardware store
J 
jab (injection)shot
joint (meat)roast
jugpitcher
jumper/sweater/pulloversweater/pullover
K 
kiosk/box (telephone)telephone booth
kippersmoked herring
knickers (girl’s)underwear/panties
knock up (tennis)warm up
knock up (call from sleep)in American slang this
means to get a woman pregnant
L 
labeltag
larderpantry
lavatory/toilet/w.c./loojohn/bathroom/washroom
lay-bypull-off
leader
(leading article in newspaper)
editorial
leader(1st violin in orchestra)concert master
left luggage officebaggage room
letlease/rent
level crossing (railway)grade crossing
liftelevator
limited (company)incorporated
lodgerroomer
lorrytruck
lost propertylost and found
M 
mackintoshraincoat
made to measurecustom made
managing director/MDgeneral manager
marrowsquash
methylated spiritsdenatured alcohol
mileometerodometer
motorwayfreeway/throughway
motorwaysuper highway
N 
nappydiaper
neat (drink)straight
net curtainssheers/under drapes
newsagentnews dealer/news stand
noughtzero
noughts and crossestic-tac-toe
number platelicense plate
O 
off license/wine merchantliquor store
oven cloth/glovespot holder/oven mitt
overtake (vehicle)pass
P 
pack (of cards)deck
packed lunchsack lunch/bag lunch
panel beaterbody shop
pants (boy’s underwear)shorts/underwear
paraffinkerosene
parcelpackage
pavement/footpathsidewalk
personal callperson-to-person call
petrolgas/gasoline
pillar box/letter boxmail box
plaster/elastoplastbandaid
point/power point/socketoutlet/socket
postmail
postboxmailbox
postal codezip code
postmanmailman/postman
postponementraincheck
prambaby carriage/baby buggy
prisonpenitentiary
public conveniencebathroom/restroom/washroom
public schoolprivate school
puddingdessert
pursechange purse
pushchairstroller
put down/entered(goods)bought/charged
put through (telephone)connect
Q 
queue (n.)line
queue (v.)stand in line/line up
R 
rasher (bacon)slice
reception (hotel)front desk
receptionistdesk clerk
return ticketround trip ticket
reverse chargescall collect
reversing lightsback up lights
ring up/phonecall/phone
roof/hood (car)top
roundabout (road)traffic circle
rubbereraser
rubbishgarbage/trash
S 
saloon carsedan
scribbling pad/blockscratch pad
sellotapescotch tape
semi-detachedduplex
semolinacream of wheat
shatteredexhausted
shopstore
shop assistantsales clerk/sales girl
sideboardbuffet
sideboards (hair)sideburns
silencer (car)muffler
single ticketone way ticket
sitting roomliving room
living roomliving room
loungeliving room
drawing roomliving room
skipping ropejump rope
skirting boardbaseboard
sledge/toboggansled
smalls (washing)underwear
sofadavenport/couch
solicitorlawyer/attorney
sorbetsherbet
spannermonkey wrench
spirits (drink)liquor
spring onionscallion/green onion
staff (academic)faculty
stalls (theatre)orchestra seats
stand (for public office)run
standard lampfloor lamp
state schoolpublic school
sellotapeadhesive tape
stone (fruit)pit
sultanaraisin
surgery(doctor’s/dentist’s)office
surgical spiritrubbing alcohol
suspender beltgarter belt
suspendersgarters
swedeturnip/rutabaga
sweet corncorn
sweet shop/confectionercandy store
sweets/chocolatecandy
Swiss rolljelly roll
T 
tadpolepollywog
tapfaucet
teat (baby’s bottle)nipple
tea trolleytea cart
telegramwire
telephone boxphone booth
term academic (3 in a year)semester(2 in a year)
tightspantyhose
time-tableschedule
tincan
tip (n. and v.)dump
torchflashlight
traffic lightsstop lights
traffic lightstraffic signals
traffic lightsstop signals
trouserspants/slacks
truncheon (police)night stick
trunk call/long distancelong distance call
tube/undergroundsubway
turnoversales/revenue
turn-ups (trousers)cuffs (pants)
U 
undergraduates:undergraduates:
– 1st year– freshman
– 2nd year– sophomore
– 3rd year– junior
– 4th year– senior
unit trustmutual fund
universitycollege